This contributed thought-leadership article first appeared on www.embedded.com on July 11, 2016.
RaspberryYou don’t have to go far in the technology industry to hear people talking about Raspberry Pi. Since it was first launched in 2012, the single board computer measuring about the same size as a credit card has become one of the world’s most popular embedded systems platforms. In fact, open up any number of IT and technology trade publications and you’ll find dozens of ideas for projects you can do leveraging this single-board computer.
While Raspberry Pi was originally developed as an educational platform for teaching computer programming to students, it’s low cost of around $35 per unit is enticing developers, programmers and IT pros to find a ways to adapt the solution for the enterprise. From replacing desktop computers and servers, to hosting networking, security and even Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications, there are a whole host of use-cases popping up around us.
Ever since the Raspberry Pi was introduced, people have talked about using the device as thin client. Back in May at Citrix Synergy 2016 in Las Vegas, for example, Citrix announced that it is endorsing the platform, while ViewSonic introduced its own Raspberry Pi-based end-user computing solutions for virtual desktops and virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI).
But, the fact remains that Raspberry Pi was never intended for use as an enterprise-grade solution by its developers. And, while many want to believe that it is possible to have a Raspberry Pi-based thin client that offers the power and resources required to support the demands of the enterprise, while holding true to its promise of lower costs, there are a number of important reasons why the platform has never been used to a large extent in commercial-grade thin-client deployments:
- Add-on costs and certifications:
- Restricted control and manageability:
- Consumer-grade features:
- Limited warranty:
- Thin margins:
- Product roadmap:
With Raspberry Pi, the board, chassis or housing, power supply and enterprise-grade memory card must be purchased separately. Furthermore, there is no certification available for a solution comprised of the sum of these parts, which puts the responsibility back on the developer to certify and productize the solution. Beyond that, the enterprise will also need to purchase separate licensing for the operating system, applications and management tools. Additionally, they will also need to purchase support services to help maintain their Raspberry Pi units. All of these things combined can quickly add to the cost of the solution, and in some cases the final cost is more than doubling or tripling what was spent initially on the single-board computer.
Raspberry-Pi thin client solutions currently hitting the market leverage third-party OS and management software. And, as is often the case with these third-party solutions, any changes to the feature-set must be made through the software developer, leaving the enterprise with little control or the flexibility when it comes to managing the software. Additionally, because the Raspberry Pi is built on an ARM processor, users are limited by the middleware that is available to support peripherals and other devices. This limitation makes it more difficult to add new features and functionality, than it would be with 32-bit and 64-bit x86-based solutions.
Currently, Raspberry Pi only provides a single HDMI output with a maximum resolution of 1900×1200, and is typically used in consumer electronics devices including televisions and gaming consoles. Growing demand for multi-display support within the enterprise means that end-user computing solutions should provide support for DisplayPort or DVI. Additionally, Raspberry Pi only supports standard Ethernet speeds, and does not offer a migration path to Gigabit Ethernet, the standard demanded by today’s enterprises.
Raspberry Pi comes with a one-year limited warranty. This does not come close to covering the complete lifecycle of a thin client, which currently averages 5 years.
Pre-packaged Raspberry Pi solutions currently hitting the market have a price point of $99 per unit. This means that the solution has incredibly thin margins, which makes it difficult for manufacturers and their channel partners to turn a profit on Raspberry Pi. Something will have to give, and that something will most assuredly be development of new features and commercial support required by the enterprise.
With its educational mission being central to its existence, there is limited evidence that the Raspberry Pi community will develop an enterprise-grade solution in the near future. The ARM-based processor cannot be easily upgraded, which can leave users with no choice other than to purchase new hardware when they need to add new features or applications not supported by the current hardware.
Despite the promise of lowering end-user computing costs for enterprise organizations, there are still many limitations when it comes to the Raspberry Pi platform, and IT organizations looking to effectively standardize all of their endpoints for ease of management will find themselves better served by a solution that is versatile enough to cover all of their requirements, now and as they evolve in the future. As it stands right now Raspberry Pi simply isn’t there, and it may be years before we see Raspberry Pi as a widely used thin client solution within the enterprise.
Read this article on www.embedded.com.
Jeff Kalberg is a Technology Evangelist at IGEL Technology with over 30 years of industry experience covering more technology than he cares to remember. As an IT consultant for most of his career, Jeff has advised organizations of all sizes on a variety of technologies. Over the years, he has counseled some of the world’s largest and most respected companies. Working within all levels of an organization from marketing and sales to operations and finance to information technology, Jeff has developed a unique perspective that he leverages to the benefit of his client customers today. Jeff holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting from Wittenberg University in Springfield, Ohio.